Deakin Communicating Science 2016

EES 200/101

MDMA: Dangerous or Misunderstood?

Ecstasy has pretty bad connotations associated with it here in Australia and many parts of the world. But is this justified? Is it a harmful, destructive drug that is plaguing our society or is it a prime example of how the war on drugs is failing to protect us?


Video Credit: http://www.youtube.com

If you have not heard of Jordy Hurdes, you may have been living under a rock. The 20 year old from Wangaratta suffered potentially permanent brain damage last year from allegedly taking a single pill of ecstasy and is considered “lucky to be alive”. Many people have called out saying that they don’t believe this story and say that there are details that have been omitted. Supposed ‘friends’ of Jordy have posted on social media saying things like “18 pills, $300 of ketamine and $200 of speed to be exact”. A doctor from the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (whose name was omitted on request) has been quoted saying “Yes, there is a possibility of tremors when it comes to serotonin syndrome. But these symptoms described don’t sound like Ecstasy to me. There are so many substances out there, some of them we don’t even know yet. But yes, it’s possible that these symptoms you describe are a result of drug consumption”.

To clarify, ecstasy is a street drug that normally contains the main ingredient MDMA and including but not limited to meth-amphetamines and amphetamines also being present. MDMA starting gaining popularity in the 1980s and has since been associated with raves and dance music, and in recent times in Australia, Stereosonic. Its symptoms include euphoria, intimacy, and decreased feelings of depression. A study in 2011 run by J. H. Halpern et al failed to find any correlation between the use of MDMA and decreased cognitive abilities. in 2007 in Britain the Medical Research Council found that alcohol was more dangerous than marijuana, MDMA and LSD.

ecstasy-halloween-warning

Image credit: http://www.cbsnews.com

What is thought to be the main culprit when talking about damage done from ecstasy, is PMA or para-Methoxyamphetamine. This substance taken at similar dosage sizes of MDMA can cause comas and even death. Because the materials needed for synthesising MDMA are expensive, PMA is often used instead and is extremely hard to detect unless a testing kit is used to determine purity. While these drugs themselves are illegal, testing kits are available for as little as $10 on sites like eBay. In some European countries, festivals have tents where you can go and get your pills tested, and if one is found to be containing any traces of PMA, the ‘brand’ of the pill (eg. Blue Mitsubishis, White Batmans) is put up on a list so people can see, and confiscated if other people bring them to be tested.

The real question here, is about whether we should legalise and regulate MDMA, which would eliminate ‘dodgy pills’ containing PMA and other dangerous street drugs, or continue prohibition and penalise people for using/supplying. We have been trying one of these approaches for nearly half a century, with the only results being more people being imprisoned, more people doing damage to their bodies, and millions in lost revenue on potential taxes.

 

 

References:

http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/jordy-hurdes-begs-young-australians-not-to-take-ecstasy-in-viral-video-on-facebook-20151124-gl6dw7.html

http://www.drugs.health.gov.au/internet/drugs/publishing.nsf/content/ecstasy2

https://thump.vice.com/en_uk/article/this-australian-mans-testimony-about-the-alleged-long-terms-effects-of-ecstasy-use-is-heartbreaking

http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/dancing-with-molly-20121203-2ar04.html

Halpern, J. H., Sherwood, A. R., Hudson, J. I., Gruber, S., Kozin, D. and Pope Jr, H. G. (2011), Residual neurocognitive features of long-term ecstasy users with minimal exposure to other drugs. Addiction, 106: 777–786. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03252.x

How Much Truth Is Behind “Alcohol Is Worse Than MDMA”?

http://www.drugs.ie/pma

https://www.theguardian.com/science/sifting-the-evidence/2013/oct/07/pma-ecstasy-club-drug-deaths-mdma

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2 comments on “MDMA: Dangerous or Misunderstood?

  1. wx85zs
    April 25, 2016

    I really like this blog! I have some friends who take drugs and I have been trying to explain to them and show them information but they are just in denial. The video of Jordy Hurdes is a fantastic idea! I will definitely show my friends, thank you so much. You have mentioned how we are deceived thinking that ecstasy contains MDMA but most of them have PMA, the Australian Drug Foundation mentions there’s a whole range of mixes; amphetamines, PMA, PMMA, ketamine, NBOMe, methylone or other substances. Australian Drug Foundation has existed for 50 years (one of Australia’s leading bodies committed to prevent alcohol and other drug problems in communities around the nation- http://www.adf.org.au/about-us/about-us ) who claim that PMA takes longer to feel it’s effects which is potentially dangerous as people are easily mistaken between tolerance and the waiting effect. They would consume more drugs before the first drug kicks in, which leads to overdosing and that’s another reason why PMA is dangerous.

    I feel like this blog is a wakeup call for those who take drugs, if you look at this site –(http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/pma-and-pmma ) it also outlines information on what is PMA and PMMA, how are they used, slang names, effects of PMA and PMMA, Long term effects, using PMA/PMMA with other drugs, Health and safety and how to seek help. You may add some of the information to help educate those in need and those who are in trouble.

    I hope I have helped you out to improve your blog thank you so much I really enjoyed it. Have a nice day

    Like

  2. wassssana
    April 28, 2016

    Hey, your article on MDMA was a really good read. And i loved the introduction into what can happen when someone overdoses on MDMA and how its popularity rose within the last few years thanks to a rise in festivals. I was also really impressed by your use of scientific journals to support (what I think is your view) on MDMA.

    I think it would’ve been really good if you delved a bit deeper on the war on drugs, as well as why you may think MDMA use is justified. Overall great piece, really enjoyed reading it.

    Thanks 🙂

    Like

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This entry was posted on April 21, 2016 by in Burwood - Friday 11am and tagged , , , .

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