What is abortion? For those of you who don’t know abortion, it is a mother’s intentional decision to terminate her pregnancy. Abortion involves a medical procedure which is performed within the first 28 weeks of pregnancy where the unborn child is removed from the mothers’ embryo causing death of the foetus. The removal of the foetus is induced by either taking medication in the form of drugs or surgical termination which involves the suction of the pregnancy tissue using a vacuum. By taking away a foetus’ right to life and its chance to survive outside its mother’s uterus raises ethical concerns and is the reason why it is an ongoing issue in today’s society.
There are so many questions we can ask ourselves when it comes to abortion. Isn’t it true that every human has the right to life? So why isn’t this the case when it comes to abortion, shouldn’t a foetus be given a chance at life? If not then is it considered as murder? This is when society starts to question whether or not a foetus is considered to be a human when it is first conceived. “By all the criteria of modern molecular biology, life is present from the moment of conception.” Therefore, we can say that according to modern molecular biology, it is biologically true that when a woman conceives, life is present and so abortion should be considered as murder.
Then why is abortion legal in so many countries across the globe? Not all countries have legalized abortion. These countries include Dominican Republic, El Salvador, and Paraguay just to name a few. Paraguay is one of the strictest countries when it comes to abortion. In Paraguay abortion is only deemed possible if the mother’s life is at risk, otherwise it is illegal under all other circumstances. Women who fall pregnant due to rape and sexual assault in countries like Paraguay shouldn’t be denied an abortion and shouldn’t be forced into giving birth to their rapist’s child. One of the unfortunate stories includes an 11-year old girl in Paraguay; she had been raped by her stepfather and due to the strict laws of Paraguay she was denied an abortion. I cannot fathom the reason as to why this child is not allowed an abortion. She now has to face the consequences of taking on the role of a mother, being restricted from doing the everyday activities of an average Paraguayan child, and missing out on the education she deserves. Is she not being constrained from a chance at life?
In the case of this 11-year old Paraguayan mother, she should be able to have a say in the termination of her pregnancy and hence we can argue that abortion should be legalized. However we also need to take into account the unborn child’s right to life. In situations like this it’s difficult to come to a decision on whether abortion should or should not be legalized in all countries around the globe.
Buchanan, R. (2015). The six nations where it is still illegal to have an abortion. [online] The Independent. Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/international-abortion-laws-the-six-nations-where-it-is-still-illegal-to-have-an-abortion-10229567.html [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].
Rafael Romo, a. (2016). 11-year-old rape victim gives birth in Paraguay. [online] CNN. Available at: http://edition.cnn.com/2015/08/13/americas/paraguay-young-rape-victim-gives-birth/ [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].
Alcorn, R. (2016). Why Life Begins at Conception | NAAPC. [online] Naapc.org. Available at: http://naapc.org/why-life-begins-at-conception/ [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].
Abortionfacts.com. (2016). Abortion Facts – Information on Abortion You Can Use. [online] Available at: http://www.abortionfacts.com/ [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].