Deakin Communicating Science 2016

EES 200/101

Music and Health

Music-and-health-blog-01

Music has become the important part of our life whether we can relised it or not. We have listened music when we start our life; when we were baby, we listened lullaby; then when growing up, we listen pop, rock, R&B, etc. In social life, we are listening music when waiting, eating, drinking, driving, walking, gymming, dating, etc. Music is the most popular and famous language over the world. It will be impossible to think someone does not like any kind of music at all.

So, why we need music in our life? Beside of entertainment, do any reasons make people love music?

There are many research indicate that music produce a lot of benefits to physical, emotional and mental health.

1. For mental health:

There is a study in the early age from 8 to 11 year old, if children attend on music classes, their verbal IQ and visual ability will be improved compared with the group children who are not attend on these classes [1]. Besides that, children who are receiving the music lesson will get more concentration and greater ability of communicate [2].

Music-and-Health-mini-2-01-2-300x300All these research above can result that music can make brain more intelligent. In elder age, musical training is the supplement therapy that keep the brain work out better. Trying to remember the melody and lyric will help the old people improve their memory and concentration; therefore, listening to music is the good exercise for brain and make brain is healthier [3].

2. For emotional health:

Music-and-Health-mini-1-01-2-300x238As we have known that, there are music appear in every kind of movie or drama; the reason that can explain are music can make people who watch movie can feel the emotion of each scenes. Why music can make people happier or sadder? There is the study find out that when we listen to music, the song can affect to the limbic system, which can control the emotional. So, listen music is the way for brain exercise [4]. Besides that, listening music when we sad or anger can reduce the negative emotional      (anxiety and depression), especially in older people [5].

3. For physical health:

As we discuss above, music can reduce stress, then it can improve the sleep quality. Moreover, music can help us to decreasing risk of immune system, heart disease by reduce the hormone cortisol. This hormone can make damage to metabolism, wound healing, gastric, memories and heart [6]. So, reducing this hormone is make body healthier. Nowadays, there are a lot of study and research use music as the therapy to assist patient to be healthy in physic and metal. So, music is not only the important part for us, but also for our health.

Sources

[1] Forgeard, M., Winner, E., Norton, A. and Schlaug, G. (2008). Practicing a Musical Instrument in Childhood is Associated with Enhanced Verbal Ability and Nonverbal Reasoning. PLoS ONE, 3(10), p.e3566.

[2] ScienceDaily. (2016). Babies’ brains benefit from music lessons, even before they can walk and talk. [online] Available at: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120509123653.htm [Accessed 26 Apr. 2016].

[3] US News & World Report. (2011). Music Training May Help Keep Aging Brain Healthy. [online] Available at: http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/brain-and-behavior/articles/2011/04/25/music-training-may-help-keep-aging-brain-healthy [Accessed 26 Apr. 2016].

[4] Cogweb.ucla.edu. (2016). Leutwyler, Exploring the Musical Brain. [online] Available at: http://cogweb.ucla.edu/ep/Music_Leutwyler_01.html [Accessed 26 Apr. 2016].

[5] Karen Eells. The use of music and singing to help manage anxiety in older adults. Mental Health Practice, 2014; 17 (5): 10 DOI: 10.7748/mhp2014.02.17.5.10.e861

[6] Richard Gray, S. (2008). Music can boost your immune system. [online] Telegraph.co.uk. Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/2569640/Music-can-boost-your-immune-system.html [Accessed 26 Apr. 2016].

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2 comments on “Music and Health

  1. josephkolotelo
    May 2, 2016

    This was a good blog to read about how music can affect us in more than we think. I am a musician myself, have been for the past 16 years of my life, and must say it has developed some aspects in me other than just acquiring a taste for music. I can say that music does improve your timing and the ability to pick out the beat of a song. But that’s not what I want to talk about here; I did read an article in Australian Science (September 2015 edition) titled Turn Down the Volume? It talks about the effects music has on people when say studying. The study conducted by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology explains that music adds extra stress to the brain, which can filter out irrelevant information. There was a test-conducted way back in 1977 that took a noteworthy approach to this phenomenon, saw students that were majoring in music or psychology completing a test with different types of music playing in the background. The students reported to have struggled to concentrate and felt increasingly worried about the end results of this test.
    I agree on this because when I sit down to do a test or something of significants I need silence to focus on what I am doing but when I’m studding (even when I wrote up this comment) I need to have music because my mind tends to wonder.

    Reference:
    http://www.australasianscience.com.au/category/magazine-issue/september-2015

    Like

  2. Georgia Woodhead
    May 7, 2016

    Personally, music is so important to me. Whenever I’m going through a rough patch, I listen to sad songs. When I study, I use music to help drown out the other noises around me – but my parents disagree and believe that music is more distracting! Although they may be right, as I’m fairly sure the music and studying combination is a personal preference that not everyone agrees with.

    Furthering on your comment that music can increase memory and concentration of elderly, there have been numerous studies on the impacts of music on Alzheimer’s sufferers. The research of Cox, Nowak and Buettner (2-14) showed that the positive emotions of participants with Alzheimer’s lifted, with smiling, laughing and relaxed facial expressions. “Smiling was rarely displayed in the pre-intervention phase, but developed during the intervention phase for all participants and persisted throughout the post-intervention phase” [1]. There are also speculations that music therapy “can be a positive stimulus for many cognitive aspects in people with AD” [2].

    I found it interesting that you mentioned positive impacts on physical health from listening to music. To be honest, it’s a concept I never thought of. However, while music may improve sleep quality I do believe that it can have negative impacts on your body also. The study of Naik and Pai (2014) indicates that students who listen to music through earphones for more than 1 hour a day are at risk of high frequency hearing loss. On the contrary, students who listened to music using speakers and earphone music less than 1 hour per day experienced no hearing loss at all [3].

    Sources:
    [1] Cox, E, Nowak, M, & Buettner, P 2014, ‘Live music promotes positive behaviours in people with Alzheimer’s disease’, British Journal Of Occupational Therapy, 77, 11, pp. 556-564 9p, CINAHL Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 May 2016.

    [2] Cabedo-Mas, A, & Moliner-Urdiales, D 2014, ‘Music therapy and cognitive capacity in people with Alzheimer’s disease: A call for action’, Nordic Journal Of Music Therapy, 23, 2, pp. 195-197 3p, CINAHL Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 May 2016.

    [3] Naik, K, & Pai, S 2014, ‘High frequency hearing loss in students used to ear phone music: A randomized trial of 1,000 students’, Indian Journal Of Otology, 20, 1, pp. 29-32, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 May 2016.

    Like

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This entry was posted on April 27, 2016 by in Geelong - Wednesday 11am.

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