When it comes to owning dogs, pure breeds are the preferred option for most people. But why?
Breeders will argue that purebred dogs are more predictable than mutts. If you know the dog’s family history, you have a basic idea of the characteristic the dogs will have. This can be reassuring for owners that have young children. Also with purebred dogs, you know how big the dog is going to get.
So what are the points for Mutts being better? First of all, mutts have far fewer health problems. Take the King Charles Spaniel, for example. these dogs have heads that are too small to hold their brains, or pugs with eyes that will randomly pop out of their heads, or even the dachshund which suffers from various back problems. Cancer is also far more common in purebred dogs. To keep dogs ‘pure’, breeders will resort to interbreeding dogs, which makes genetic problems and cancer far more likely.
A subgroup of purebred dogs, however, are spared from most of these health problems, working dogs. Unlike King Charles spaniel, pugs and dachshund, the working dogs were not bred based on appearances. The working dogs were bred based on athleticism and for intelligence. Dogs like German Shepherds, Jack Russell Terriers, Border Collies, and Huskies are all bred to achieve certain things. That does not, however, mean these dogs are right for everyone. Working dogs have more energy and need more attention than other types of dogs, and this even goes for the small ones like Jack Russell.
So how do we think the genetic problems in purebred dogs? There is one simple solution. Crossbreeding! By crossbreeding we can get bigger stronger and healthier dogs. This doesn’t solve everything through. We would need to be careful about which dogs we bred together. As anyone can tell you a bulldog cross pug would be horrible. That poor dog it will have so many health problems.
Another bad pairing can be less obvious. Such as a Chihuahua and Jack Russel. I can hear you thinking, what is so bad about that combination. You have no idea! Those dogs are killing machines. My family adopted two Chihuahua cross jack Russell dogs and over the course of TWO DAYS, they killed three chicken, bit my stepfather and gave my cats anxiety. We sent those dogs away. Chihuahua are yappy little dogs while Jack Russel are born hunters. So I think we can all see how this could be a bad decision.
Dogs are man’s best friends but through our pursuit of having ‘pure’ breeds we have caused our best friends to suffer from horrible genetic problems that we could fix.
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Dogtime. (2016). German Shepherd Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts – Dogtime. [online] Available at: http://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/german-shepherd-dog [Accessed 21 Apr. 2016].
Petchidog.com. (2016). Chihuahua Behavior and Temperament Information. [online] Available at: http://www.petchidog.com/chihuahua-behavior-temperament [Accessed 20 Apr. 2016].
Yourpurebredpuppy.com. (2016). The Truth About Purebred Dogs. [online] Available at: http://www.yourpurebredpuppy.com/buying/articles/purebred-dogs.html [Accessed 20 Apr. 2016].