The mars mission is being run by a Netherlands company called Mars One, who wants to have a permanent colony on mars by the year 2026/2027. The first part of this mission will begin in 2020 where a communication satellite will be sent to mars. It will allow a 24/7 communication between mars and earth for when the astronauts arrive. In 2022 the Mars One rover will be launched where it will search for the perfect place for the colony to be established. In 2024 six cargo space ships will be launched in order to set up the area for the astronauts, who will leave earth in a group of 4 in the year 2026 and will touch down on mars in the year 2027. The biggest problem currently is not the technology or the staff, it the financial side of things. Mars One currently does not have the money to do the things they want to do. The mission will cost around 6 billion dollars.
The amount of people who have put their names for the first mission to mars is a substantial amount. More than 200 thousand applicants applied to be taken to the next stage of the mars one astronaut selection process, out of those people only 660 were given online interviews, which they were given the chance to show their enthusiasm about the mission and were told about the risks of the mission. Out of those interviewed only 100 went to the next stage which included 50 men and 50 women. These 100 are the ones who will be trained and will be put in groups of four. The group who is thought to be able to work together as a team the best will be sent to mars. If the first mission is a success, Mars One will send a group of four or more every 2 years.
Although the astronauts role is voluntary they will be paid be paid for full time training here on earth. This consists of technical training; group training and personal training, each member of a group will be trained in different disciplines. The technical training will there to repair and look after the equipment that they will take to mars, another will receive medical training, one will study Mars’s geology, and one member will be trained in exobiology which is the biology of alien life just in case they run in to any life form on mars. The group training will be about them getting prepared to life on mars were they will live in similar condition that it is expected on mars, where they are taught to grow their own food etc…
The journey to mars will take around 7-8 months to travel there. The four astronauts will travel in the Mars One space craft, once they reach Mars their living spaces will be made up of inflatable units. Although some believe that Mars’s conditions are similar to earths, the living conditions are far from ours. Mars is a very barren and desert like environment, there are sign that water did one flow on the Martian surface currently there is hardly if any water on Mars’s surface. The temperature there on mars can range from 20 degrees Celsius to minus 153 degrees. The biggest danger on mars in the radiation which is a lot higher that of what we experience on earth so the astronaut’s habitat will be buried several meters underground.
Some believe that the mission will fail even before the first launch date due to financial issues. Some experts say that those that will be sent to mars will face very severe health risk, including vision loss and even damage to nerve system which they will die before they get to mars or shortly after their landing, some has also questioned the ethics of the mission, saying that is it right to send humans to mars when we are not sure if they will actually survive it.
Mars one website
Mars one dates/roadmap
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