The horror of finding more then than one person who looks exactly like you, sounds like you and is not your twin.
This person with your identical DNA is your CLONE…Da Da Da.
Emerging from literature in the 1900’s, cloning is one of those phenomena that has become a reality. Initially beginning known as one of the most horrific twists in a horror story, this aspect of sci-fi inspired many scientists to delve deep into the world of impossible and explore if there was any validity in genetically reproducing a clone of some form.
It’s rich history started the Artificial embryo twinning in a vertebrate by Hans Spemann in 1902 which involved splitting the cells from embryos as a way to ‘twin’ an organism. This led to cloning via the nucleus which was first successfully done to a frog (tadpole) embryo in 1952 causing it to be recognised as a viable cloning technique. However it was in 1984 when the first mammal was cloned successfully by nuclear transfer. This was a sheep and the process involved the splitting of an embryo by electric shocks and then using in vitro fertilisation(IVF) to produce offspring.
Over the years, cloning was turing more into a reality then fiction, and it was the cloning of the sheep DOLLY in 1996 that sort the possibility of human cloning due to cell nuclear transfer.
Upon the successful cloning of Dolly, somatic stem cells has raised the ethics morality question regarding humans. Yes mammals can be successfully cloned but what will that do in regards to people?
This causes many to delve into the realms of science fiction as an answer to the omnipresent threats of genetically cloning another human being. The constant ‘What ifs’ leave us with the substantiating issue of always wondering if this technology will be used to better society or rather end up as being the common element of a sci-fi horror gone wrong.
Allowing us to understand that the possibility of human cloning is very real, (for obvious reasons it is very illegal), we have been able to extend our of somatic cell nuclear transfer research that has resulted in beneficial developments for the field of medicine.
Cloning is referred to asexual reproduction and in done via IVF. theoretically if it was done on humans, it will follow this process.
Cloning is one of the great advancements that has resulted from the imagination of science fiction. Yes there are risks involved with these advancements, but these risks are associated with all developments in technology. Cloning is an ever evolving process but it may not have been a possibility if it was not for its importance in sci-fi literature.