Depression is among the most come mental illnesses and effects according to beyond blue approximately 1 million Australians each year.
So what is depression?
Depression is intense feeling of unhappiness that last’s long periods of time, this can also be brought on for no apparent reason. Depression is commonly linked with anxiety, although they are separate issues they often occur at that same time in individuals.
There are a number of factors that can bring about depression. Certain life events, such as difficult circumstances, financial or struggles with relationships, and stress can trigger depression. Other triggers most commonly include, drug and alcohol abuse, which can be either due to depression or cause it. Family history of mental illness, is also a factor as well as the individuals personality. People who tend to have low-esteem, or worry a lot tend to be more susceptible. There has also been research suggesting that there is a chemical in balance with in the brain, however this research is quite complex as there are millions of chemicals that contribute to your mood. Although researches have developed medication to attempt to correct this, not all individuals can be treated the same. Therefore this medication is standardised and does not cater to every patient. There is currently no proven way to fix depression, but a mix of both medical and psychological treatment can assist with the recovery process.
Researches want to find away for the brain to be able to keep an individuals mood constant. We know that neurotransmitters are the connection between nerve cells, antidepressants increase the concentration of these neurotransmitters to increase communication between cells
If these neurotransmitters are not being received by the receptor or are excessive, the message through the neuron is altered, causing there to be a change in mood. The type of neurotransmitter that is effected in concentration over a neuron also affects reactions in a patient. Some transmitters affect the appetite, or sleeping pattern of an individual. This further explains the inability for researches to develop medication for depression as the concentration and type of neurotransmitter differs between patients.
Genes also play a role in the likely hood of developing depression. Researches are currently aware that some genes are responsible for disorders based on mood. These mood disorder genes are not only passed down through generations, but can be altered over the course of individuals life. Genes are activated and deactivated over someones lifespan based on whats required in the body. Sometimes these genes my fail to activate or deactivate or even be insufficiently replication by proteins, causing there to be imbalance in mood regulations. These changes in genes can also be brought on by other mental illness such as stress or anxiety or could be effected by difficult circumstances such as abuse.
There are many variables, when it comes to treating depression, making it difficulty for professionals to treat patients. However there is currently medication and human resources available for those in need. Therefore spreading the awareness of mental illness allows, those that are suffering guidance in how to regulate there mood, either through connecting with other people or medical treatment
If you know of anyone that may be going through mental illness, you should get them in contact with an organisation that can help.